HISTORY OF THE INDUSTRY
An industry over 100 years old at the service of society
The energy crisis in the eighties found itself having to resort to using coal again as the fuel, maximum exports being reached in 1983, more than 13 million tonnes being exported.
The largest ever consumption figures were achieved in 1992, on the occasion of Seville EXPO ‘92 and the Olympic Games in Barcelona that same year. Those figures were not exceeded until the beginning of 1998.
The most significant occurrences in the 1990s could be summarised as follows:
- The sector recovered with major growth rates.
- The industry was gradually modernised; structure costs were adapted to the market situation, with a notable increase in productivity.
- The internationalisation of the industry owing to the fact that frontiers were opened to the products and capital.
- Since 2007, when cement consumption peaked in Spain and the turning point was reached with the current crisis, -which is the most sudden and prolonged crisis to be experienced by the cement industry throughout its history-, cement consumption plummeted by 80%. Therefore, our industry has had to look towards other markets and make Spain the top cement exporter in the European Union.
- Since 2012, cement consumption has stagnated in absolute values to levels similar to those of the 1960s. Furthermore, these figures amount to less than half the annual average for the past 50 years.